Ankle Sprain: Knowing The Symptoms, Grade And Treatment Options

Do you know that the ankle sprain is the most common form of ankle injury? If ankle sprain is not treated on time, it could result into chronic ankle pain which is sometimes very hard to treat.

Twisted Sprained Ankle

Ankle is a ‘hinged’ joint which enables your foot to move in two primary directions: away from body and towards the body.

Ankle sprain occur when ligaments stretches or tears down either due to sprain in ligament or muscle straining. Ankle sprain causes immense pain and inflammation in the ankle region.

The lateral ligament sprain is the most common reason for ankle sprain where ankle turns under and sole faces inward which damages the ligaments on the outside of ankle.

A person affected with sprained ankle suffers from injury in tissue which makes it difficult for him or her to even walk in proper manner.

In case of twisted, rolled or sprained ankle condition, it becomes difficult to perform leg related functions like jogging, standing, running and walking.

Sudden twisting of foot causes ankle sprain condition as it results into complete or partial ligament tearing.

Symptoms of Ankle Sprain

The various symptoms of ankle sprain are:

  • Swelling
  • Feeling of cold sensation on the affected area
  • Itching
  • Ankle pain
  • Ankle blisters
  • Weakness of affected area
  • Ankle stiffness
  • Ankle numbness
  • Ankle clones
  • Acute fever
  • Ankle joint contractures
  • Rashes on ankle
  • Redness
  • Repeated pain
  • Tenderness
  • Inability to bear weight
  • Feeling of pain during the change of weather
  • Rubbing cause pain

Different Categories and Grades of Ankle Sprain

Do you know that ankle sprain can be categorized into different levels/grades depending upon the degree of ankle pain which a person suffers from? There are three categories of ankle pain and they are:

Grade 1: In first degree pain, lateral ankle ligaments gets stretched or tears down causing mild ankle pain and swelling.  There may be mild swelling around bone on the outside area of ankle. This type of condition may cause joint stiffness and difficulty in walking or running.

Grade 2: The second degree of ankle pain develops when ligament tears down moderately. In such a condition, a person may feel instability of joint and find it difficult to walk or run. The affected area may show the signs of swelling and stiffness.

Grade 3: In this 3rd degree of pain, joint becomes instable as total rupture of ligament took place. A person affected by third degree pain has to undergo severe pain which is followed by no pain at all.

Treatment for Ankle Sprain or Twisted Ankle

What to do when you sprain your ankle?

Treating the sprained or twisted ankle should be a foremost task for you which you should concentrate most. If its a 1st degree ankle sprain you can get the help by just following the PRICE (protect, rest, ice, compression and elevate) method.

Rest: Giving proper rest to the affected ankle joint is the first and foremost treatment measure which everyone has to follow strictly. Instead of walking with the affected ankle joint, the person can use crutches to walk for a few days.

Thereby he or she can rest the affected foot easily and the healing process also progresses in a healthy manner.

Using ankle brace: Using a high quality ankle sprain brace is a most important step as it helps you in protecting your ankle and will also help in avoiding any further damage or injury.

Using ice pack: When you get your ankle sprained it should be noted that you do avoid the usage of heating pads, hot showers, or any type of pain killers for about 24 hours.

These can promote the blood flow towards the affected area and can cause swelling. You can instead use the ice pack for getting some relief. But do stop the icing if it does not help you out for 2-3 days.

Elevating the foot: The other major thing which is highly necessary in case of rolled ankle or twisted ankle is elevation of the affected ankle joint or complete leg.

This should be done immediately after the injury for at least 2 to 3 hours. This avoids the extra swelling and bruises in the affected joint.

Get the professional help: Now, if its a 2nd or 3rd grade sprain you may need some extra professional help for getting it treated. This may take anything from 3 days to few week for getting your ankle back to work once again.

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