Gout in Ankle: Symptoms and Home Remedies

Arthritis is a basically a joint disorder which causes inflammation in one or more joints of the body. As such there are more than 100 types of arthritis.

Gout in Ankle

But the most common ones can be classified as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, gout etc.

What Is Gout?

In medical terms, gout is a complex form of inflammatory arthritis condition which is caused due to the build up of of uric acid. Although it can affect varied body parts, it is most common in the joints of the foot and big toe.

The first and foremost diagnostic tool helpful for ruling out gout in the foot or ankle is by proper physical examination. With mere examination most of the experienced physicians can confirm about the existence of gout in the ankle joint.

In case of doubtful diagnosis you can go for complete blood test added with levels of blood uric acid check up. Most of the time blood test will give you a clear diagnosis of the condition.

In case if the blood reports also fail to rule out the gout in the foot then your doctor can use other diagnostic tools like imaging techniques. The major imaging techniques which help in confirming the ankle gout are X-rays, CT-Scan, MRI, etc.

Even sometimes the tests like bone density test and bone biopsy also helps in confirming the gout in ankle and foot.

Causes Of Gout In Ankle

As said before, gouty arthritis is a condition which occurs in the human body due to the accumulation of the substance called uric acid in the bloodstream.

This abnormal accumulation of uric acid in the bloodstream happens due to excess work load on liver and kidneys. When this happens it leads to deposition of uric acid crystals all over the body mainly over the joints.

Initially the uric acid deposits as solution. But on long standing the uric acid solution becomes uric acid crystals. Slowly it starts pressuring the nearby parts of the joints like tendons, cartilage, muscles, nerves and blood vessels.

This ultimately leads to damage of the joint tissues and thus creates unwanted and unbearable pain along with swelling.

The gout may happen in all the joints of the body but primarily it affects the base of big toe and the ankle joints. The ankle joint is the principle joint for balancing the whole body.

And as the gout occurs initially in the ankle joints; it creates much trouble to the person in performing the day to day daily tasks.

Signs and Symptoms of Gout in Ankle

The initial signs and symptoms of gout in ankle joint are redness, hard swelling, discomfort and tenderness. This may sometimes lead to disability or limited range of motion if not cared initially.

In many cases, sudden intense pain of gouty foot feels like your foot is on the fire. Sometimes these symptoms are also accompanied with fever and chills.

How long does a gout attack last?

On an average, gout attack may last from 3 days to a week. However in few cases where the problem is severe/stubborn it may take from 10 days to few weeks to get the recovery (with or without medications).

It has been seen that there are people who experienced only single attack of gout in their lifetime. They actually controlled and avoided the future attacks by making certain dietary changes and following natural remedies.

It is important to seek a proper medical care as soon as you feel the infectious gout in your foot or ankle. Failing which can cause conditions to worse out including sever foot pain and joint damage.

What Triggers Gout Flare Ups And Prevention Tips?

Ankle gout can be extremely painful and can lead to complex conditions if not cared at initial levels. Knowing about certain factors that trigger the gout pain can be most helpful not only in avoiding the problem but also in curing and managing it effectively.

Following are the most common risk factors which can trigger the problem:

Diet: Surprising but true, your diet and food items are one of the major causes of triggering the gout pain in your foot and ankle. Studies reveal that food items such as red meat, organ meat, seafood and many types of fishes are the foods to avoid with gout as these are purine-rich and cause problems.

Alcohol (especially beer) and Beverages that are rich in sugar also increases the levels of uric acid in your body and therefore puts you at higher risk of getting intense gout pain.

Medical conditions and Medications: Health conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, heart and kidney diseases if left untreated for long can affect your health adversely by causing many future problems like foot gout. It is therefore good to take necessary preventive measures and regular health check-ups after a certain age so that you can avoid all these conditions easily.

Experts also suggest that you should limit your self from taking certain medications like diuretics and aspirin which can put you at risk of getting higher gout pain in ankle as it increases the level of uric acid.

Family History, Age and Gender: Your chances of suffering from gout conditions can also be increased if you have someone in your family previously suffered from it.

Studies also reveal that men between the ages of 35-50 and women after their menopause are at increased risk of showing the symptoms of gout.  

Besides above, few other gout risk factors include:

  • Obesity
  • Trauma
  • Recent surgery

How To Prevent Gout Attacks Naturally?

These risk factors if not controlled or avoided can not only cause severe painful conditions but also can lead to more complex conditions such as recurrent gout, advanced gout, kidney stones, etc.

Based on above risk factors, it is good to know that making certain changes in diet can help in preventing gout effectively. Some of these habits which can protect gout attacks in future include:

  • Limiting or avoiding alcohol intake
  • Drinking plenty of fluids and water
  • Exercising regularly to strengthen up your feet
  • Reducing the body weight by taking healthy diet
  • Avoiding fatty dairy products, meat, fish and poultry

In addition to these preventive measures, you can use a cane stick while walking and raise your feet while resting. This can be helpful in avoiding frequent gout attacks, when you are already affected by gout in feet.

Gout In Ankle Treatment and Best Home Remedies

As the primary cause for gout in ankle is the accumulation of uric acid crystals, the measure which helps to reduce the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints can only help in getting rid of ankle gout pain permanently and fast.

An important chemical which helps in reducing or controlling the uric acid levels in blood is bromelain. Bromelain supplements are therefore recommended by the doctors for treating the gout in ankle and foot.

The chemical bromelain is also highly available in pineapple. Hence consuming pineapple daily (two to three slices) acts as one of the best home remedies for gout in ankle. This will gradually help in reducing the uric acid levels in the blood and thus leads to reducing the swelling and pain in the affected joints.

Fruits such as banana are rich in fiber and contain low purines. It also contain high levels of potassium that helps in converting uric acid crystals into liquid form (making it easy to excrete out of the body). Adding 1-2 bananas in your daily diet can therefore help a lot in managing the gout condition effectively at home naturally.

Apple cider vinegar for gout is also many times recommend by medical experts. ACV benefits are unlimited and it can actually help manage lots of other health conditions (in addition to gout in feet). You can therefore take this on regular basis daily to cure your pain and inflammation.

Few other natural home remedies and ingredients that can provide immediate gout pain relief are:

  • Ginger root
  • Baking soda
  • Epsom salt
  • Apple
  • Cherry
  • Lemon juice
  • Activated charcoal

In addition to above, avoiding non-vegetarian diet, drinking plenty of water and doing exercises regularly will help a lot in treating the gout. Taking enough rest and applying the cold compress also helps a lot.