Arthritis is a basically a joint disorder which causes inflammation in one or more joints of the body. As such there are more than 100 types of arthritis. But the most common ones can be classified as osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylosis, gout etc.
The first and foremost diagnostic tool helpful for ruling out gout in the ankle is proper physical examination. With mere examination most of the experienced physicians can confirm the gout in the ankle joint.
In case of doubtful diagnosis you can go for complete blood test added with blood uric acid level check up. Most of the time blood test will give you a clear diagnosis.
In case if the blood reports also fail to rule out the gout in ankle then your doctor can use other diagnostic tools like imaging techniques. The major imaging techniques which help in confirming the gout in ankle are X-rays, CT-Scan, MRI, etc.
Even sometimes the bone density test as well as bone biopsy also helps in confirming the gout in ankle and foot.
Causes Of Gout In Ankle
Gouty arthritis is a condition which occurs in the human body due to the accumulation of the substance called uric acid in the bloodstream.
The abnormal accumulation of uric acid in the bloodstream of human body happens due to excess work load on liver and kidneys. When this happens it leads to deposition of uric acid crystals all over the body mainly over the joints.
Initially the uric acid deposits as solution only. But on long standing the uric acid solution becomes uric acid crystals. Slowly it starts pressuring the nearby parts of the joints like tendons, cartilage, muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
This ultimately leads to damage of the joint tissues and thus creates unwanted and unbearable pain along with swelling.
The gout may happen in all the joints of the body but primarily it affects the base of big toe and the ankle joints. The ankle joint is the principle joint for balancing the whole body. And as the gout occurs initially in the ankle joints; it creates much trouble to the person in performing the day to day daily tasks.
Signs and Symptoms of Gout in Ankle
The initial signs and symptoms of gout in ankle joint are redness, hard swelling and tenderness. This may sometimes lead to disability if not cared initially. Sometimes these symptoms of gout in foot and ankle will be accompanied with fever and chills.
Gout In Ankle Treatment and Best Home Remedies
As the primary cause for gout in ankle is uric acid crystal accumulation, the measure which helps to reduce the formation of uric acid crystals in the joints can only help in treating the gout in ankle problem permanently.
As such there are so many medications available for reducing the uric acid production as well as accumulation in the bloodstream. The principle chemical which helps in reducing the uric acid levels in blood is bromelain. Bromelain supplements are therefore recommended by the doctors for treating the gout in ankle and foot.
The chemical bromelain is also highly available in the fruit pineapple. Hence consuming pineapple daily (two to three slices) acts as one of the best home remedies for gout in ankle. This will gradually help in reducing the uric acid levels in the blood and thus leads to reducing in the swelling and pain in the affected joints due to gout.
Along with regular consumption of pineapples, avoiding non-vegetarian diet, drinking plenty of water and doing exercises regularly will help a lot in treating the gout in ankle. Taking enough rest and applying the cold compress also helps a lot in relieving the pain from gout in ankle.